Obstetrics is the surgical specialty dealing with the care of a woman and her offspring during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (the period shortly after birth). Most obstetricians are also gynaecologists.

In obstetric practice, an obstetrician or midwife will see a pregnant woman on a regular basis to check the progress of the pregnancy. An individual woman's schedule of antenatal appointment varies depending on local resources and her risk factors, such as diabetes.

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